Priority directions in science and technologies in Turkmenistan

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Science and Technology Policy
Science of Turkmenistan

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Central Scientific Library

Law of Turkmenistan "On Science and Technology Parks"

This Law regulates the legal, economic and organizational relations associated with the creation and operation of science and technology parks.

Law of Turkmenistan "On innovation activity"

This Law defines the legal, economic and organizational foundations of innovation in Turkmenistan.

Law of Turkmenistan on State Scientific and Technical Policy

This Law defines the goals and principles of the formation and implementation of the state scientific and technical policy in Turkmenistan, regulates the relations between the subjects of scientific activity, state authorities and management and consumers of scientific products.

Law of Turkmenistan "On Scientific Organizations"

This Law defines the legal status, goals, objectives and powers of scientific organizations, their types and types, state regulation of the activities of scientific organizations.

Law of Turkmenistan "On the status of a scientific worker"

This Law defines the rights, duties and responsibilities of scientific workers, criteria for assessing their qualifications, as well as the duties of state authorities and administrations of Turkmenistan to ensure guarantees of free scientific creativity and social protection of scientific workers, and to increase the prestige of scientific activity.

Law of Turkmenistan "On Scientific Intellectual Property"

This Law, in accordance with the Law of Turkmenistan "On Property in Turkmenistan", regulates public relations arising in the field of scientific and technical activities in the creation and use of scientific intellectual property as one of the types of intellectual property.

Approved by the Resolution of the President of Turkmenistan on November 13, 2015 No. 14488

Priority directions
in science and technologies in Turkmenistan

1. In nanotechnology, chemical technology, researches on new materials and energy:

  • in-depth study of the physical and chemical properties of organic and inorganic substances, minerals, hydrocarbon resources, waters, Karakum sand and technology for synthesizing new substances from them;
  • materials producing technology for construction, industry, energy, textile and social needs from new substances on the basis of local raw materials;
  • technology for synthesizing new polymer, composite, synthetic substances;
  • technology for producing new fertilizers for agriculture; technology for creating new materials, nanomaterials, nanostructures and areas of their implementation in manufacturing;
  • affordable living accommodation with every convenience provided with environmentally friendly and renewable types of energy;
  • renewable energy systems, energy and material saving technologies, solar and wind energy.
    • 2. In biotechnology, molecular biology, agriculture, ecology and genetics:

      • rational use of natural resources and biodiversity broadening; development of biotechnology in fields of agriculture, medicine, pharmaceutical and food industries;
      • development of scientific areas in molecular biology, genetics, genetic engineering, bioengineering, biomedicine, nano-medicine, biopharmaceuticals, bioinformation;
      • carrying out works on seed production and selection, creating new species, hybrids, manufacturing various food products and medicines;
      • development of new fields in biotechnology along with researches on characteristics of indigenous microorganisms;
      • development of new technologies for production, processing and storage of agricultural products in order to ensure food security; innovative technologies for water purification and disinfection, catalysts and filters;
      • new effective technologies for the rational use of land, water, and for desalination of the soil, crops irrigation;
      • new ecological technologies and environmentally friendly production; new types of biofuels and vehicles with hybrid engines;
      • ecology and biodiversity of the Caspian Sea, the Karakum desert, the Kopetdag, the Turkmen lake «Altyn Asyr».
        • 3. In information and communication system:

          • creation and improvement of computers, communication facilities and programs;
          • manufacturing automation, development of information systems, «electronic government», system research on complex processes and development of new methods for their managing;
          • development of manufacturing and electronics industrie, physical and quantum electronics, areas in microelectronics and nanoelectronics;
          • creation of facilities, robotics for complex computer-based, communicative technologies;
          • development of the space system, improvement of the geographic information system.
            • 4. In advanced technologies for medical and pharmaceutical products:

              • development of areas in nanomedicine, nanobiology, nanobiotechnology, genomics, proteomics, molecular biology, cell treatment, pharmacogenomics;
              • creation of nanorobots for diagnostics and disease treatment; development and improvement of the telemedicine system, adherence to the norms of a healthy lifestyle, nutrition with environmentally friendly products, selecting the drugs through genetic methods and their correct dosage for the treatment;
              • the development of new areas in medical science, the creation of new medicines based on local raw materials, the use of the natural and climatic conditions of the country in the prevention of diseases and their use for medicinal purposes;
              • technologies for manufacturing new drugs and ecologically clean food products, and their long-term storage by means of biotechnology methods;
              • the use of medical information and telecommunication methods, the development of more sensitive and accurate diagnostic and therapeutic methods, facilities based on nanotechnology;
              • new modern technologies in healthcare and human life extension.
                • 5. In innovative economy:

                  • development of innovative economy based on science, education of people and advanced high technologies;
                  • development and improvement of the economy of education;
                  • the introduction of innovations, high technologies in all sectors of the economy, the development of science-intensive and efficient production, industry;
                  • conducting marketing research for the sale of products in the domestic and foreign markets;
                  • a comprehensive study of emerging economic, social, technical, technological, environmental and informational issues and the adoption of scientifically sound and profitable decisions; systematic economic improvement and modernization of manufacturing enterprises, national economic, industrial and agricultural complexes, transport, logistics, communications and information systems;
                  • mathematical modeling of economic and socio-economic problems and economically profitable management, systemic study of emerging new structures and every process in the socio-economic sphere;
                  • rational use of human educational potential, creation and expansion of the market for investments, knowledge, innovation, innovative products and services;
                  • training of specialists competent in innovation, engineering, technology, economics, management, information to solve complex and interrelated problems.
                    • 6. Humanities:

                      • researches on language, literature, culture, art, traditions, historical and literary heritage of the Turkmen people, their contribution to universal human values and inclusion in scientific circulation;
                      • scientific argumentation and demonstration to the whole world of a fact that Turkmenistan is a country of ancient culture, an ancient center of scientific and cultural development;
                      • researches on Akhal-Teke horses, incomparable in their beauty and agility, exquisite carpets, white wheat and other values of the Turkmen people, and inclusion in scientific circulation;
                      • studying the heritage of famous personalities who have left an indelible mark on history of the Turkmen people, the work of poets, writers, scientists.

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