Development of historical science is an important factor for progress of state and society

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State News Agency of Turkmenistan (TDH)

These days reception of application for admission to the institutions of postgraduate study and doctoral candidacy are being completed at the higher educational institution, academies and sectoral institutions throughout the country. Entrance exams will start in the research and educational centres of the country on February 1. It should be noted that this year the list of specialities and the quotas provided by the state for training highly qualified scientific personnel that is a strategic goal of the reforms in the spheres of science and education has been significantly extended.

During the enlarged government meeting, which focused on the achievements gained in 2010, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov signed the Resolution approving the priority vectors for development of science and innovative technologies in Turkmenistan for 2011—2015. these include are research activities aimed at innovative development of the agro-industry sector and the oil and gas industry, research in the chemical industry, information and telecommunications technologies, construction and seismology, medicine and pharmacy, economics and humanities, ecology and efficient use of natural resources.

This year scientists will be trained in nineteen fields of science. The broad list of scientific disciplines allows getting a comprehensive idea of the trends in development of Turkmen science. It is important to note that this year the Institute of Oil and Gas of the Turkmengaz State Concern admits students to the postgraduate courses for the first time; the Institute of History, the Institute of Botany of the Academy of Science of Turkmenistan, the State Medical University and the Earthquake Construction Research Institute of the Ministry of Construction of Turkmenistan will train students in six new disciplines including National History, Theory and History of Art, Genetics, Mycology, Histology, Cytology and Cell Biology, Foundations and Beddings, Underground Structures respectively.

As is known the level of development of scientific thought is an indicator of the progress and potential of any state, and the priorities of training highly qualified scientific personnel is an indicator of the progress of society.

The examples include research and technological centres on development and adoption of advanced technologies, think tanks of industry, education and innovations and large-scale projects of futuropoliseis in developed countries all over the world. Today when general different countries of the world strive to enhance scientific and technological potential, each of then chooses its own ways to achieve goals.

Dynamically developing Turkmenistan committed to the society- oriented model of national development with such integral components as humanization of economic reforms and technological innovations and respect for the national spiritual values, is not an exception. That becomes more evident due to the Turkmen leader’s attention to historical science, study of modern history in the context of development of the Turkmen state.

Therefore, it is quite natural that a specific place is given to the «historical» disciplines in the broad list of humanities that scientific research is conducted in at the research institutes of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan and higher educational institutions of Turkmenistan. These include archaeology, ethnography, ethnology and anthropology, historiography, source study and methods of historical research, general history of different periods, history of international relations and foreign policy, theory and history of culture, museum studies, conservation and restoration of historical and cultural sites. This year, the quotas for historians have been significantly increased and the list of specialties taught at the institutions of postgraduate study and doctoral candidacy at the Institute of History of Turkmenistan of the Academy of Sciences has expanded. It was mentioned above that such scientific disciplines as Theory and History of Art and National History have been introduced to the curricula.

Undoubtedly, the choice of themes and topics of research in the field of history is stipulated by the course of development of the country in the new epoch. Study and restoration of the true history of the nation, unbiased estimation of it in the context of the epoch of new Revival of the Turkmen state, promotion of the rich cultural heritage of the Turkmen people and encouragement of interest of the international community in it are the important tasks set by the President of Turkmenistan to Turkmen historians in the new decade of the XXI century.

Instructing them to take this approach to the study of the past, the Turkmen leader sets a brilliant example of the scientific analysis of historical events. Thus, the keynote speech of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov addressed to the international anniversary forum on the «Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation in the Name of Peace, Security and Progress» is a scientific substantiation of historical significance of Turkmen neutrality. It provides a clear, historically correct and unbiased evaluation of its model and role in building the foreign policy doctrine and the domestic policy strategy of independent Turkmenistan. The President of Turkmenistan underlines a key role of historical science in forming the ideology of the Turkmen state of the epoch of new Revival, building the new philosophy of life that correlates in a creative manner the historical, social, cultural and spiritual experience and national heritage with the tasks of modern development of the country.

Drawing attention of Turkmen historians to the need to conduct new research, which could objectively evaluate events and laws of historical development, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov oriented their scientific activities towards ancient, medieval, new and modern history of Turkmenistan, culture and folklore, creative comprehension and elaboration of a scientific basis for priority tasks of modern times. This is the aim of scientific research young scientists will conduct in collaboration with their senior colleagues at the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan within the disciplines National History and Theory and History of Art.

The course o National History — one of the most important and fundamental disciplines of historical science studies on the past and present of the Turkmen state and nation. The object of research is the activity of the state and society in all spheres of life at various stages of historical development, its main objective is to search and evaluate historical sources, study and analyze facts and phenomena of social and everyday life.

Thus, scientific research in national history have a specific thematic orientation and focuses, in particular, on ancient Turkmenistan as a centre of civilization, the history of the state of Turkmen Oghuz, Altyndepe — the first city-state, the history and culture of ancient Margiana, Dehistan, Parthia, Great Silk Road, ancient religious beliefs and spread of Islam, the history and culture of states founded by the Turkmen people in the Middle Ages, historical events related to migration of the Turkmen people in the new times, the history of the Turkmen people in XVII—XX centuries, the history of independent Turkmenistan and the history of the epoch of new Revival and great changes.

The aim of the course on Theory and History of Art is to conduct the comprehensive research of material and spiritual culture of Turkmenistan in the past and present epochs, to study a range of issues regarding the origin of art as a specific type of spiritual and practical activity of people, their imaginative essence, social functions, regularities and stages of historical development. This research is based on the historical, philosophic, aesthetic and art analysis of the whole spectrum of art values accumulated by the humanity from the birth of art to the present day.

The objects of scientific research within this course include the history and theory of Turkmen culture at all historical stages of development, the role and significance of culture in the spiritual life of the nation, relationship and mutual influence of cultures of different nations. Applicants for degrees can make their contribution to historical science of Turkmenistan by studying and describing the history of Turkmen cinematography and theatrical art, fine arts and architecture, music, opera and ballet, popular culture and folklore, the history of the art of Turkmen baghshi, applied arts, art of dance. The role and importance of culture in spiritual development of the society in the epoch of new Revival is a key topic of the course on History and Theory of Art.

Topicality of the new fields of scientific research proposed by the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences is obvious for they are to enrich significantly the knowledge about the glorious past of the Turkmen people, the sources of their present-day achievements. Furthermore, scientific research within the new courses contributes to popularization of spiritual and material culture of the Turkmen people all over the world and promotes international cooperation in preservation of historical and cultural sites of universal value.

In accordance with the updated list of topics the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences develops the important vectors for development of historical science, prepares monographs, catalogues, articles and training aids including those designed for schools and universities. This year, the year of the 20th anniversary of independence, it is planned to publish the encyclopaedic collection «Prominent Figures in Turkmen History», the monographs «Sultan Sanjar and His Empire», «Relationships of the Turkmens with Asia Minor and the Ottoman Empire», «The State of Zenni Turkmens». The two-volume edition «Turkmen History from Ancient Times to the Present Days», the popular science publication «Ancient Nisa» from a series of books dedicated to the historical and cultural monuments of Turkmenistan inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List are prepared for publication. As is known, the book about ancient KunyaUrgench of the series appeared in print last year. These books published in three languages are available for the world scientific community and a wide readership.

Training scientific personnel, expansion of contacts with leading research centres of the world, joint research activities, which allow determining the place and significance of the spiritual heritage of the Turkmen people in the global system as well as using latest technologies to collect, classify, restore and store historical, cultural and folklore materials and to promote them widely are the key aspects of the activity of the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences in the epoch of new Revival.

Admission to the institutions of postgraduate study and doctorate candidacy, registration of candidates for degrees and doctors of sciences is an important and honourable mission of specialists of the Institute of History. Undoubtedly, the modern history of our Motherland is being created before our eyes, event by event that the epoch of great changes is rich in. To elucidate the purport and essence of the historical past and current large-scale transformations in the life of our country, the growing role of independent Turkmen state in the international community is a duty and important task set by Turkmen leader Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to Turkmen historians in the epoch of new Revival.

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